播客 008 | 席卷美国的罢工潮 2023: The Year of Labor Strikes

播客 008 | 席卷美国的罢工潮 2023: The Year of Labor Strikes

从好莱坞到锈带,从演员到蓝领汽车工人,罢工潮席卷全美各地。

【聊了什么】

2023年见证了美国劳工运动的一次新高潮。从好莱坞的编剧和演员工会,到三大汽车厂的蓝领工人,全美各地的工人们联合起来,通过罢工争取到了一系列创纪录的合同。在通胀导致生活成本飙升的背景下,这些努力为工人阶级带来了更高的薪酬,从资方手中争取到了更多的利润分享。随着几场重要的罢工运动接近尾声,我们邀请到了一位亲身参与工人运动的嘉宾,深入探讨这场罢工潮的前因后果及其深远影响。

【支持我们】

如果喜欢这期节目并希望支持我们将节目继续做下去:

众筹平台链接:

合作投稿邮箱:american.roulette.pod@gmail.com

【时间轴】

01:46 美国汽车工人联合会(UAW)组成的多样化

04:47 汽车工人罢工发起的流程和工人的诉求

10:16 UAW的新领导层和改革运动

16:36 UAWD带来的新气象

23:58 拜登和特朗普和工会的关系

30:54 资方如何打压工会和劳工运动

34:18 律师和工会的关系

43:50 “精英”行业为什么没有工会

46:43 就业法和劳工法之间的张力

51:15 Janus案判决对工会的影响

57:10 工会对工人意味着什么

1:00:59 什么样的工人需要工会

1:05:45 作为“精英”的藤校学生为什么要向蓝领工人学习

1:12:29 为什么工人需要工会

1:18:55 工会领导人和基层之间的关系和工会组成的多元化

1:22:16 工会和移民以及国际学生的关系

1:28:05 美国工会的未来会更好吗?

【我们是谁】

美轮美换是一档深入探讨当今美国政治的中文播客。

美轮美换的前身是“选·美 iAmElection”,一档由游天龙、talich、林垚、庄巧祎等人于2015年创立的中文播客,选·美聚集了一群关心美国政治的学者、律师、媒体人、观察者和爱好者,在2016年大选前后吸引了大量的听众和读者,成为一档现象级的播客。2020年大选前,talich等人重新推出了“美轮美换”,更新了16集。2023年,新一轮美国大选即将开始,我们决定将选·美和美轮美换的传统延续下去,推出新版的“美轮美换”播客。

我们的主播和嘉宾:

Talich:美国政治/文化历史爱好者

Lokin:美国法学院学生,即将成为一名纽约诉讼律师

王浩岚:美国政治爱好者,岚目公众号主笔兼消息二道贩子

张跃然:社会学博士在读,UAW工会成员

本期节目由talich和小华制作,封面设计来自欢祺,本期的音频编辑是小华。 美轮美换是一档由百花传媒出品的播客。

【 What We Talked About】

In 2023, the American labor movement reached a new peak. From the writers and actors in Hollywood to the blue-collar workers of the Big Three automakers, workers across the U.S. united, securing a series of unparalleled contracts through strikes. These efforts led to increased wages for the working class and workers gaining a greater share of profits from employers amid rising living costs driven by high inflation. As several significant strikes draw to a close, we invited a guest who is actively involved in the labor movement to explore with us the origins, outcomes, and enduring effects of these strikes.

【Support Us】

If you like our show and want to support us, please consider the following:

Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/americanroulette

Support us on AFDIAN: https://afdian.net/a/AmericanRoulette

Business Inquiries and fan mail: american.roulette.pod@gmail.com

【Timeline】 01:46 - Evolution of the United Auto Workers (UAW)

04:47 - Behind the scenes: auto workers' strikes and their demands

10:16 - Leadership and reform in the UAW

16:36 - UAWD's new perspectives

23:58 - Biden and Trump's interactions with the unions

30:54 - Employers' tactics against unions and labor movements

34:18 - Examining the union-lawyer relationship

43:50 - Absence of unions in 'elite' industries (blue collar vs. white collar)

46:43 - Dynamics between employment and labor laws

51:15 - Impact of the Janus case decision on unions

57:10 - What unions mean to workers

1:00:59 - Types of workers who need unions

1:05:45 - Why Ivy League students should learn from blue-collar workers

1:12:29 - Importance of unions for workers

1:18:55 - Dynamics between union leaders and members, and the diversification of union membership

1:22:16 - Unions, immigrants, and international students

1:28:05 - Future of America's labor movement

【Who We Are】

The American Roulette is a podcast dedicated to helping the Chinese-speaking community understand fast-changing U.S. politics.

The American Roulette’s predecessor is “iAmElection”, a Chinese-language podcast created by Tianlong You, Talich, Yao Lin, and Qiaoy Zhuangi in 2015. The podcast brought together a group of scholars, lawyers, media veterans, observers and enthusiasts who care about American politics. At the height of its popularity, it was featured in the New York Times, and attracted an estimated 70,000 audience who listened each month. For the 2020 election, Talich and others relaunched the podcast as "美轮美换" with 16 new episodes.

In 2023, as the new round of U.S. presidential election is about to begin, we’re building on the legacy of “iAmElection” and “美轮美换” to launch a new podcast that we hope will become your go-to American Politics podcast. We introduce: “美轮美换 The American Roulette.”

Our Hosts and Guests:

Talich: U.S. politics, history, and culture enthusiast

王浩岚 (Haolan Wang): American political enthusiast, chief writer at Lán Mù WeChat Official Account, and peddler of information

Lokin: U.S. law school student, incoming NY litigation lawyer

Yueran Zhang: Ph.D. candidate in Sociology, member of the UAW

This episode is produced by Talich and Xiao Hua, cover design by Huanqi, our audio editor for this episode is Xiao Hua. American Roulette is a part of Baihua Media.

【拓展链接 The Links】

美国汽车工人大罢工的胜利:困境中的工会,如何取得历史性的成功?

《十三月评论》频道

vol.44 | 我在美国组织罢工——看见集体行动的力量与困境 - 打工谈

How the Yale Unions Took Over New Haven | The New Yorker


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